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Sales and Trading

Industry Outlook

After basically minting money for decades from the buying and selling of bonds, currencies, and other financial products, earnings at investment banks decreased significantly through the end of 2019. Total 2019 revenues at the 12 top global investment banks were $147.5 billion, down from $151.4 billion in 2018, according to Coalition, a London-based research firm. The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic triggered a surge in stock market volatility and increased revenues to a five-year high, but the long-term performance of the financial markets is uncertain due to the pandemic and other developments. Factors that have reduced profits in the investment banking include:

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