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Cartographers prepare maps, charts, and drawings from aerial photographs and survey data. They also conduct map research, developing new mapping techniques, and investigate topics such as how people use maps. They collect, evaluate, and interpret geographic information provided by geodetic surveys, aerial photographs, and satellite data. They research, study, and prepare maps and other spatial data in digital or graphic form for legal, social, political, educational, and design reasons. Photogrammetrists are specialized mapmakers who use aerial photographs, satellite images, and light-imaging detection and ranging (LIDAR) technology to build models of the Earth’s surface and its features for the purpose of creating maps.

Finally, cartographers and photogrammetrists presently work with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to design and analyze algorithms, data structures, and user interfaces for GIS and mapping systems. 

Salary Range

$25,000 to $100,000+

Minimum Education Level

Bachelor's Degree




Much Faster than the Average
Personality Traits



Hands On

Career Ladder
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Manager

Cartographer or Photogrammetrist

Apprentice Cartographic Drafter or Geospatial Specialist

Surveying and Mapping Technician