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Slower than average employment growth is expected for judges through 2029. One factor contributing to this slow job growth is budgetary constraints in local, state, and federal governments, which is limiting governments' ability to fill judge vacancies. In 2020, the coronavirus pandemic has also slowed down employment growth for judges. Many trials and hearings have either been postponed or are being conducted remotely by video. Job growth will pick up somewhat later in 2021, as the pandemic ends and the economy starts to recover. As the Department of Labor notes, judges "play an essential role in the legal system, and their services will continue to be needed into the future." There will be some employment growth as a result of demographic shifts in the U.S. population; more judges will be needed to handle immigration- and elder law-related issues. In the coming years, demand for judges should grow as the public focuses more on crime and disputes that were previously handled out of court are increasingly brought to court. Developments in medical science, e-commerce, information technology, and globalization have also created new opportunities for judges, as well as increased the complexity of their work. Most positions will open as judges retire or leave the field to go into the private sector (which is more lucrative). There may be an increase in judges in cities with large population growth, but competition will be high for any openings.

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